62 million IPs worldwide
When crawling website data, it is often encountered that the IP is restricted, resulting in returned data that cannot be displayed or is directly blank. At this time, some methods need to be taken to lift the website's crawling restrictions on IP. IP proxy is an important solution that helps users bypass the restrictions of a website and maintain a stable connection for smooth data crawling.
1. Function and principle of IP proxy
An IP proxy, also known as a proxy server, is a transit station between a user and a Web server that acts as a proxy for passing requests and responses. Its role and principle is to act as a middleman in network communication, on behalf of the user to establish a connection with the target website, and obtain the required information, and then transmit the data back to the user's browser. Through the use of IP proxy, the user's real IP address can be hidden, and the proxy IP as a surrogate to communicate with the target website, so as to achieve anonymous access of users and bypass the website's restrictions on the user's real IP.
The role of IP proxy:
Hide the real IP address: When accessing the network through an IP proxy, the target website cannot directly obtain the real IP address of the user, but only the IP address of the proxy server. This can effectively protect the privacy of users and prevent personal information from being leaked.
Bypass access restrictions: Some websites restrict access to specific IP addresses by blocking or restricting their access. By using an IP proxy, users can obtain different proxy IP addresses, thus bypassing the site's restrictions on users and achieving access to blocked websites.
Speed up access: In some cases, network access through an IP proxy can improve access speed by optimizing network paths and reducing network latency.
The principle of IP proxy:
User initiated Request: A user initiates an access request through a browser or web application.
Request to the proxy server: The request signal is sent to the proxy server first, and the proxy server acts as the middleman to receive the user request.
The proxy server accesses the target website: The proxy server connects to the target website on behalf of users and sends requests to the target website.
Getting the data and sending it to the user: The target website responds to a request from the proxy server, which gets the required information and then sends the data back to the user's browser.
User receives response: The user finally receives the response data forwarded by the proxy server to complete the access process.
2, lifting the website's IP crawl restriction method
Slow down the crawl rate: A simple and effective method is to slow down the crawl rate and reduce the frequency of requests to the target website. Doing so reduces the stress of visiting the site, but it also results in fewer crawls per unit of time.
Using an IP proxy pool: Creating a stable IP proxy pool is a common way to remove IP crawl restrictions. High-frequency scraping through multiple different proxy IP addresses can effectively reduce the risk of being blocked from the site. When a proxy IP address is blocked, you can switch to another proxy IP address and continue data crawling.
ADSL dial-based solution: This method is suitable for the crawl of a single website, when the access is prohibited, re-ADSL dial-up to obtain a new IP, continue to crawl. However, when multiple websites are multi-threaded, if the crawl of a certain website is prohibited, it will also affect the crawl speed of other websites, so it needs to be used with caution.
Use anti-crawler policies: Some websites will adopt anti-crawler policies, such as captcha, User-Agent detection and other means to restrict the access of crawlers. In view of these strategies, corresponding anti-crawling measures can be taken, such as using tools that automatically identify verification codes, setting reasonable user-agents, etc., to circumvent the restrictions of websites.
The problem to be faced in the process of data crawling is to remove the restriction of IP crawling. Using an IP proxy is a common and effective solution to help users bypass the restrictions of the website and ensure the stability and reliability of data crawling. In addition, adjusting the crawl rate reasonably and adopting anti-crawler strategy are also effective ways to solve the IP limitation. When data crawling, the user should choose the appropriate solution according to the specific situation to ensure the smooth completion of the crawling task.
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