62 million IPs worldwide
When using a proxy IP, you sometimes find that the IP is still unavailable, perhaps because it has been occupied by another user or network. In order to detect whether the proxy IP is occupied, we can adopt some methods to conduct validation tests to ensure the validity and stability of the proxy IP.
1. ARP cache method
ARP cache method is a simple and effective method to detect whether the proxy IP address is occupied. It uses ARP (Address Resolution Protocol) cache table to judge whether the target computer is online. When we perform a ping operation on the local computer, if the target computer is online, it will return a successful Ping response and inform the local computer of the MAC address corresponding to the IP address. This information is stored in the ARP cache table of the local computer for rapid mapping of IP and MAC addresses in subsequent communications.
By looking at the information in the ARP cache table, we can easily tell if the proxy IP is occupied by another computer. If the MAC address corresponding to the IP address is found in the ARP cache table, it means that the IP address is being used, probably by another computer. In this case, we need to use the proxy IP carefully to avoid possible conflicts or data inaccuracies.
On the other hand, if the corresponding MAC address is not found in the ARP cache table, then the IP is most likely not occupied by another computer. In this case, we can more confidently use this proxy IP for data scraping and access to the target website.
2. PING method
PING is a simple and common method to detect whether a computer is online, and it is also suitable for detecting whether the proxy IP address is occupied. By running the ping +IP address command in command line mode, we can quickly determine the availability of proxy IP addresses.
To use the PING method, you must first open the command line terminal. In Windows, you can press the Win+R key combination, enter cmd and press Enter to open the command line window. On Linux and macOS, you can enter commands directly into the terminal.
Next, type ping + destination IP address on the command line and press Enter. The system will send an ICMP (Internet Control Message Protocol) request to the destination IP address, and if the destination computer is online and accessible, it will return a successful response. The response displays a series of messages like "Reply from IP address: bytes =32 time =XXms TTL=XX", where XX indicates the delay time and TTL (time to live) value. If the response is received successfully, the computer corresponding to the proxy IP address is online and available.
3. Batch processing
The batch processing method detects whether multiple IP addresses are occupied in batches. By writing a batch script, we can automatically search for all the IP addresses in a particular network segment, try to ping each IP address, and then save the returned ARP information to a file. If the MAC address is found in the file, it indicates that the corresponding IP address is online. If the MAC address is not found, it indicates that the IP address is not occupied.
It should be noted that the above method can only preliminarily determine whether the proxy IP address is occupied, and cannot guarantee 100% accuracy. Because some computers may have firewalls or other security measures enabled, they will not respond to ping requests, so the ping method cannot detect their online status. Therefore, in practical use, we can combine a variety of methods to verify and ensure the availability of proxy IP.
To sum up, we can detect whether proxy IP is occupied relatively accurately through ARP caching, PING and batch processing, and improve the efficiency and stability of data capture. For users who frequently use proxy IP addresses for data collection, it is important to detect and replace available proxy IP addresses in time to ensure smooth data acquisition.
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