62 million IPs worldwide
In the Internet era, crawler technology is widely used in data collection, information analysis and other fields. However, in order to adopt effective forced crawling behavior and ensure the access speed and query effect of normal visitors, some websites will increase network security equipment and strengthen the security protection mechanism, resulting in the crawler IP limitation. When we encounter the IP limitation problem, we can try the following solutions to solve it.
1. User-Agent protects secure access and rotation
User-Agent is a part of the HTTP request header and is used to identify the information of the client that sends the request, including the browser type and version. By default, when a crawler sends a request using Python's request library or other frameworks, it usually uses its default User-Agent information, and these default user-agents are often recognized by websites as crawlers and lead to IP blocking.
In order to avoid being blocked, we can set up a User-Agent list in the crawler, which contains a variety of common browser User-Agent information, such as Chrome, Firefox, Safari, etc., and different versions of User-Agent information. Each time a request is made, you can randomly select a User-Agent from the User-Agent list as the User-Agent field in the request header and submit it to the target website. In this way, we can simulate the access behavior of different browsers or versions, making the crawler request more similar to the request of the real browser, thus reducing the risk of being blocked.
At the same time, in order to better protect the secure access, we can also regularly update the User-Agent list, add new browser types and versions, and some more random User-Agent information, to ensure that each request of the User-Agent is different, increasing the difficulty of identification.
In addition, in order to further reduce the risk of being blocked, we can also add some additional header information to the User-Agent, such as Accept, Accept-language, etc., so that the request header is closer to the request of the real browser.
2. Reduce the IP access rate
Access in quick succession tends to attract the attention of websites and take blocking measures, so it is very important to set the access rate properly in the crawler. First, you need to detect the access rate threshold set by the target website, and then set a reasonable access rate according to this threshold. However, it is recommended to avoid setting a fixed access rate, but to randomize within a range, so that the crawler access behavior is not too regular, to avoid being identified as a crawler by the system and resulting in IP blocking.
3. Processing Cookie information
Some websites have relaxed security policies for log-in users, so reasonable handling of Cookie information can also be one of the ways to solve the problem of IP limitation. When the website blocks non-login users, we can simulate login behavior, obtain legitimate Cookie information, and then carry these cookies in the crawler request, so that the website thinks we are legitimate login users, so as to circumvent the restrictions of IP blocking.
It is important to note that although these methods can help us circumvent some simple IP blocking strategies, the security measures of the website may be constantly upgraded and optimized. Therefore, when using crawler technology, we should comply with the robots.txt protocol and relevant regulations of the website, respect the access strategy of the website, and avoid bringing too much access pressure to the website. At the same time, reasonable planning of crawling strategy to avoid unnecessary interference to the website can better deal with the problem of IP limitation, and effectively achieve data collection and information analysis and other crawler application goals.
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